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Music: The Magic of Figure Skating
by Sonia Bianchetti
Figure skating is indeed a very special sport where the technical ability
of the skaters is strictly connected with their creativity, their
musicality, their ability to convey to the audience their inner feelings.
Figure skating is a sport, but a sport with something more. And this
something more is its artistic component. Figure skating is music.
Without music our sport cannot exist; without music our sport would lose
the strength of its expression. It is the music which gives a sense to
the compound of the elements and their sequence in a program.
The skater skates his music; he feels it, he lives it and gives back to
the audience the feelings and the emotions that that particular music
inspires in him.
Figure skating, as I define it, is a "physical art"; it is the
understanding and the interpretation of the music through harmonious and
elegant movements, in the same way as ballet. Both ballet and figure
skating are inspired by the music.
The bridge between figure skating and art is music, and it is through
music that the skater expresses his or her inner feelings and shares them
with the spectators. All the elements of a free program are the means by
which the competitors communicate with the audience. Furthermore, the
value of the entire program depends on how all of these technically
difficult elements are blended together to compose the program. The fact
that a jump is landed on the exact beat of the music, for instance, adds
value to it.
It is the skater's relation to the music, even more than his technical
skill, that is the best and most important part of his ability to rouse
the interest of all those watching him—public, judges, fans—and
capture their attention.
The music is the first step in inventing a new program. The construction
of a free program must correspond to the musical structure of the piece of
music chosen. The skater must make sense of the music chosen through the
composition of the program, which means a harmonious distribution of all
the elements, jumps, spins, lifts and steps over the ice surface.
The skater, the ice, the space and the movements must compose a unique
whole. The structure of the program must be dictated by the music and the
sequence of the elements, each movement, each position or gesture must be
inspired by it. For example, a beat of the music can be underlined by a
special movement, by the landing of a jump, or, in case of a jump needing
a long preparation, the jump itself could be executed at the climax of a
phrasing of the music as if the music itself was leading the competitor to
that jump, as if the jump or the lift were the natural conclusion of a
Every detail is important, is vital for the harmony and the perfection of
the program. As in a masterpiece by Michelangelo or Leonardo da Vinci,
for instance, at first sight one does not notice all the details which
compose the fresco, but the details are there and they are important to
achieve the perfection of the painting or, in our case, of a free program.
To express the music a skater must use the entire body, not only his arms;
he must fill and give life to the space with a variety of movements and
gestures, and each movement and gesture must be completed, have a definite
meaning, like a word in a poem, and must be in harmony with the music, its
speed, its intensity.
Once again it is the music that dictates a program, that transforms the
sport into a performance, into a kind of art. Without music figure
skating simply cannot exist and without a deep understanding of the music
the sport can exist but would lose its deeper connotation and its impact
with the audience and the judges as well.
The music must have an immediate appeal to all the judges on the panel and
this, some times, can create some difficulties. There are from 9 to 12
judges on a panel from different countries, different cultures, different
ages and different tastes, and they can only hear the music a couple of
times before the competition. This is why it is of vital importance that
the music have an immediate appeal to all the judges. It is therefore
advisable that the skaters avoid any type of strange or unknown pieces of
music, which are difficult to understand and feel. Nothing is worse for a
skater than a piece of music perceived by the judges as a "nightmare", a
dreadful noise lasting too long.
The choice of the music is vital because it has to enhance the skater.s
personality, his talent and his technical capability. To be able to
select the best possible music for his pupil, the coach or the
choreographer must know him thoroughly. Not only must he know his
temperament and his character, but also his technical ability, his style,
his speed. A slow skater with fast music will appear even slower, and a
young skater will be just killed by a famous symphony!
Originality is also an important feature. A great skater should also be
original and innovative. A skater is not considered original because of a
fancy hairstyle or color, makeup, or spectacular costume. Originality
must be expressed by inventing some new movements, new entries or
positions in spins or in spirals, new dismounts in lifts or by the choice
of a special kind of music and the way it is interpreted. For instance,
rather than simply copying a classic ballet, a competitor may create new
choreography more suitable to his personality or to the ice.
For his free program a skater may chose either different pieces of music
harmoniously blended together for the duration specified by the rules, or
select a single composition, a unique theme with variations of speed to
include a slow part. Since the early 1990s this second option is the
favourite. What is most important is that the program impresses, gives an
artistic emotion and is remembered as something that one would enjoy
seeing again and again.
The structure of the program must be designed for the music chosen to
enhance the skater.s qualities. The sequence of the elements must follow
the logic imposed by the music itself; each movement, each gesture, each
position must be inspired by the music and be consonant to it. The skater
must give sense to the piece of music selected through a harmonious
composition of the program and a well balanced distribution over the whole
ice surface of all the technical elements: jumps, spins, lifts or steps.
Only if the skater understands and loves the music he is skating to will
his gestures, his positions, his movements be understood and appreciated
by the audience and the judges. The choreography must bring the audience
to immediately understand the story the skater intends to tell; it must
raise their interest, capture their attention and retain it through the
It is also important that he underline the variations of the speed and the
tempo of the music through the movements of his arms and positions and
express its rhythm with his entire body. The increasing of the speed of
the music, for instance, can also be underlined by the increasing speed of
the rotation in a spin.
Melodic and slow parts of the music can be underlined by long steps with
deep edges, spirals or spread eagles and ample gestures of the arms. Once
again it is the music that dictates a free program, that transforms the
sport into a show or a kind of art. To learn to feel the music and to
interpret it is as difficult, if not more, as learning to execute the
technical difficulties relevant to the sport itself. The perception and
the expression of the music is what makes the difference between a skater
and a champion.
To interpret the music does not mean to skate to the tempo of the music or
move the arms up and down like a robot. It means much more than that. It
means to live the music, to skate with passion, with the heart; it means
to express one.s interior drama with the entire body. Each move of a
hand, or every turn of the head must make sense with the music. The
skater must really feel it; he must live an emotion and must succeed in
giving it back to the audience, the judges and the entire world.
Watching a high-level competition is exciting for the difficulty of the
elements executed but, at the same time, it is fascinating, captivating
and appealing for its art. A real champion is beautiful to look at,
beautiful because he is elegant, because he is harmonious and expressive,
intense and communicative.
Many competitors can execute good and well choreographed programs,
highlighted by difficult and spectacular elements, but very few are those
who are able to transform a good program into a piece of art, a program
that we would like to watch forever. For a great skater, the jumps, the
spins, the lifts are only the instrument through which they express the
music, as the piano is for a pianist or the violin for a violin player. A
"Great Skater" will not be remembered for the number of jumps he has
executed in his program, but rather for his personality, his originality,
for the way he moves on the ice, for the emotion he is able to transmit to
the audience, the contact he is able to create with his fans and for
having set the path that others will try to follow.
Only for these acts, the creation of artistic images, will a skater be
remembered through the decades. This is what makes our sport unique and
magic and is what must be preserved as a precious diamond.